What do raspberry food flavoring and insulin have in common? They – and much more – are made from E. coli

For the past sixty years and last twenty in particular, scientists have studied and manipulated E. coli until they managed to alter its DNA and make it suitable to use as processing aids in foods and medicines. An $8.2-billion global enzyme industry emerged, and like the E.coli that proliferated, it too grew, supplying the food and beverage sector, and providing enzymes for cleaning products, animal feed, health therapies, and fuel.